**Beginning of Class Routines**

Do your students enter the classroom and know exactly what to do? Or, in this age of virtual learning, do they know exactly what to do when they log on….or even before they log on?

For a few of my first years of teaching, I didn’t have specific classroom routines. Then I read * The First Days of School* and everything changed. I started incorporating specific tasks and routines for students to do/follow when they arrived in class.

For several of my middle school teaching years, my homeroom students were my first period class, which made getting ‘into’ class really easy; the routine for those homeroom students was to begin specific tasks as soon as they had completed their

**homeroom routines**.

**Middle School Classroom Routines to Begin Class for ELA**

**do**as part of the routine at the beginning of class?

When I taught **ELA**, my students worked on their ‘**partner daily language**‘ which was my spin on the ‘Daily Oral Language’ we used when I first started teaching.

This routine was:

- Students independently completed their own part of the task.
- When class officially started, students found a partner and completed the partner part of the task.
- Students completed the ‘when you’re finished’ task on the board if they finished a little earlier than others.

While students completed this routine, I’d take care of any miscellaneous items, like maybe attendance:-) Then I’d circulate, answer questions, and listen to the students’ discussions.

When all students were finished, we’d review any daily language questions or I’d throw in a little mini-lesson, and we’d move on to that day’s lesson.

**Middle School Classroom Routines to Begin Class for Math**

**math classes**, the beginning of class routine started with what I called M.G. (for Mental Gymnastics), which was our daily math.

- I used a variety of daily math books over the years, but then created my own
**daily math**, to**spiral**and**review**the concepts I knew my 6th graders consistently struggled with over the years.

**The beginning of class routine looked like this:**

1) Students took out the daily math immediately and worked on that day’s problems (students kept the daily math in their binders so nothing needed to be passed out or retrieved at the start of class).

- Often, I’d assign the MG for homework and students would
**discuss**at the beginning of class. This actually ended up being my best option for fitting the spiraling math review into my 40-min classes every day, because it cut eliminated the time it took for students to complete the problems. - While students worked on or discussed the daily math problems, my routine was to circulate, check for homework completion, and answer any questions that came up during the math discussion.

2) When each group finished discussing, they’d move on to check their math homework.

- I typically put the answers on the board the day before and then covered them up until class started.

3) I’d answer any MG or homework questions.

Then, on to the lesson!

All in all, the spiral review problems/discussion and homework checking took about 7-10 minutes (yes, sometimes I’d take a little longer answering questions that came up:-)

**Other Ideas for Beginning of Class Routines**

**Here are a few alternatives:****1) Entrance tickets:**

These are a quick way to assess where students are with your topic for the day. I think these would be easier to incorporate if you have a class period longer than 40 minutes.

These could be:

- printed sheets
- a post-it to put on an ‘entrance ticket board. I talk about these in my End of Class Routines post.
- a Google Form

**2) Problem Solving:**

Have a problem ready to go so students can begin as soon as they enter the room. It could be projected, could be in Google Forms, or could be a printed sheet.

When I taught 5th grade and had longer math periods, I often began class with a problem to solve, so we could work on **problem solving strategies**. There was a structure to this, so students knew what was expected (the routine!) when they entered the classroom and saw a problem posted.

**3) Homework Review/Discussion**

As a routine, this would look like:

- students enter the room
- automatically take out their homework
- check answers with a partner or the classmates that sit in their group (or near them).

I used this if our class time was cut shorter for some reason.

**More Routine Strategies**

For more ideas to begin class, end class, or transition between activities, listen in to the popular podcast episode, Tackling Transitions: Classroom Transition Ideas for Beginning, During, and End of Class!