Discovering Exponential Growth in Middle School Math
Rumors is a great exponential growth lesson from Mathline!
This lesson allows students to explore exponential growth, in the context of spreading a rumor.
In addition to the focus on math concepts, this lesson can also help students understand how quickly rumors can actually spread….an important idea for middle schoolers to consider.
Exponential Growth Lesson
“Two students who were both born on December 21st, the date of the winter solstice, decide that it would be great not to have to attend school on that day. Therefore, they start a rumor that schools will be closed to celebrate the winter solstice. So, on December 1st, one of the students told two of her friends that school would be closed. On the next day, each of these students tells 2 students and on consecutive days, each of the new students tells 2 more students and so on. If there are 8,000 students in the school district, the question arises as to whether the rumor was started early enough for everyone to have heard it?”
Students can act out this scenario by having students form a human triangle, with Student A first, then the two students she told (students B and C), then four students representing the two that Student B told and the two that Student C told, etc (as far as possible, depending on how many students are in the class). This will help students visualize the problem and understand how this rumor is being spread. The triangle also help students to understand the growth pattern.
The human triangle will only go so far, so students will then need to use their calculators or paper and pencil to find how many days it will take for the rumor to reach 8,000 people. I would recommend providing the students with a blank chart to give some structure to the students’ work after they try the human triangle.
Exponential Growth Chart
You can download a chart/recording sheet below.
In addition to understanding more about exponential growth, students can be asked to determine the algebraic expression to describe the number of new people to hear the rumor each day, as well as the expression for the total number of people.
To read the full exponential growth lesson and the possible extensions, check out the lesson here.